Photographing nature, particularly close-up or macro work (my interest), presents several difficulties
that require us to learn to handle special situations. First, the closer we get to a subject, the shallower
the (DOF) depth of field becomes. Second, close-in work is very sensitive to light and movement.
The zone can be as small as a half of an inch or less. In order to alleviate the shallow DOF problem
we need to use a small aperture, which impacts on the available light. Worse still, we have to be careful
to keep our subjects most important features in focused in a plane parallel to the film. This has further
complications as movement is also greatly exaggerated at close range. Even a minute amount of wind
may cause a flower with our butterfly to flutter in and out of focus and our model may disappear from
view in a split second! We may also like to use slow to medium film to capture fine details. Using a
smaller aperture, in natural light usually requires a slow shutter speed. We need therefore to be first
and foremost patient! But a little ingenuity and planning can help us overcome some of these problems.

Useful Items And Important Points

1. Personal Safety
This is something that is easy to forget, but please remember that in the wild there are many dangers.
I have found myself in precarious positions on a few occasions. It is easy to get carried away and become
careless in dangerous situations. For example, are you wearing suitable clothing or safety equipment?
In mountainous terrain, weather conditions can change very quickly and you could easily get into trouble.
Also, leaning over a cliff to get a closer shot of a Puffin may result in your premature demise, unless you
take a rope to fasten to a good secure place, like a tree.

Flash equipment can be indispensable. Three or four small flash units rigged to a photoelectric trigger
can enable us to achieve very good results. The camera can be set-up and pre-focused and hidden,
released by a long cable release. Our flower and butterfly shot can work better by constructing a simple
wind shield with a couple of sticks and a plastic bag, and a good reflector made from some white cloth
attached by string or more sticks. I carry a broom handle to help bash nettles down. Also, a bit of white
card and safety pin can be useful as a diffusing canopy. A beanbag and some brackets can be great to
put our camera on to save lugging a Tripod around.